• ZnSe-PCX
  • PCX-Lenses-ZnSe-1

Zinc Selenide (ZnSe)
Plano-Convex Lenses

Plano-convex (PCX) lenses are positive lenses which are thicker in the middle than at the edge, when collimated rays go through them, light converges to a physical focal point. Plano-convex lenses have one flat side and one curved side with a positive radius of curvature. Plano-Convex lenses have a positive focal length and approach best form for infinite and finite conjugate applications. These lenses focus a collimated beam to the back focus and collimate light from a point source. They are designed with minimal spherical aberration and have a focal length given by:
f= R/(n-1),
where R is the radius of curvature of the convex portion of the lens and n is the index of refraction.

Plano-convex lenses deliver less spherical distortion when focusing at infinity (when the imaged object is far away and the conjugate ratio is high). Therefore they are the go-to lens in cameras and telescopes. Maximum efficiency is achieved when the plano surface faces the desired focal plane, in other words, the curved surface faces the collimated incident beam. Plano convex lenses are a good choice for light collimation or for focusing applications utilizing monochromatic illumination, in industries such as industrial, pharmaceutical, robotics, or defense. They are an economical choice for demanding applications because they are easy to fabricate. As a rule of thumb, plano-convex lenses perform well when the object and image are at absolute conjugate ratios > 5:1 or < 1:5, so spherical aberration, coma and distortion are reduced. When the desired absolute magnification is between these two values, Bi-convex lenses are usually more suitable.

ZnSe lenses are commonly used in IR imaging, biomedical, and military applications, they are well suited for use with high-power CO2 lasers due to low absorption coefficient. In addition, they may provide enough transmission in the visible region to allow the use of a red alignment beam. Paralight Optics offers Zinc Selenide (ZnSe) Plano-Convex (PCV) Lenses available with a broadband AR coating optimized for the 2 µm – 13 μm or 4.5 – 7.5 μm or 8 – 12 μm spectral range deposited on both surfaces. This coating greatly reduces the average reflectance of the substrate less than 3.5%, yielding an average transmission in excess of 92% or 97% across the entire AR coating range. Check the following Graphs for your references.




Zinc Selenide (ZnSe)

Focal Lengths:

Available from 15 to 1000 mm

Suitable for :

CO2 Laser, IR Imaging, Biomedical, or Military Applications

Compatible with:

Visible Alignment Lasers


Common Specifications:


Reference Drawing for

Plano-convex (PCX) Lens

Dia: Diameter
f: Focal Length
ff: Front Focal Length
fb: Back Focal Length
R: Radius
tc: Center Thickness
te: Edge Thickness
H”: Back Principal Plane

Note: The focal length is determined from the back principal plane, which does not necessarily line up with the edge thickness.


Ranges & Tolerances

  • Substrate Material

    Zinc Selenide (ZnSe)

  • Type

    Plano-Convex (PCV) Lens

  • Index of Refraction (nd)

    2.403 @ 10.6 μm

  • Abbe Number (Vd)

    Not Defined

  • Thermal Expansion Coefficient (CTE)

    7.1x10-6/℃ at 273K

  • Diameter Tolerance

    Precison: +0.00/-0.10mm | High Precision: +0.00/-0.02mm

  • Center Thickness Tolerance

    Precison: +/-0.10 mm | High Precision: +/-0.02 mm

  • Focal Length Tolerance

    +/- 1%

  • Surface Quality (Scratch-Dig)

    Precison: 60-40 | High Precision: 40-20

  • Surface Flatness (Plano Side)


  • Spherical Surface Power (Convex Side)

    3 λ/4

  • Surface Irregularity (Peak to Valley)


  • Centration

    Precison: <3 arcmin | High Precision: < 30 arcsec

  • Clear Aperture

    80% of Diameter

  • AR Coating Range

    2 µm - 13 μm / 4.5 - 7.5 μm / 8 - 12 μm

  • Transmission over Coating Range (@ 0° AOI)

    Tavg > 92% / 97% / 97%

  • Reflectance over Coating Range (@ 0° AOI)

    Ravg < 3.5%

  • Design Wavelength

    10.6 μm



Transmission curve of 5 mm thick, uncoated ZnSe substrate: high transmission from 0.16 µm to 16 μm
♦ Transmission curve of 5mm AR-coated ZnSe window: Tavg > 92% over the 2 µm - 13 μm range
♦ Transmission curve of 2.1 mm thick AR-coated ZnSe: Tavg > 97% over the 4.5 µm - 7.5 μm range
♦ Transmission curve of 5 mm thick AR-coated ZnSe: Tavg > 97%, Tabs > 92% over the 8 µm - 12 μm range, especially the transmission in out-of-band regions is fluctuating or sloped


Transmission Curve of 5mm AR-coated (2 µm - 13 μm) ZnSe Substrate


Transmission curve of 2.1 mm thick AR-coated (4.5 µm - 7.5 μm) ZnSe Lens at Normal Incidence


Transmission Curve of 5 mm Thick AR-coated (8 µm - 12 μm) ZnSe Substrate at 0° AOL